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Azerbaijan Reiterates Call for Independent Palestinian State

By Gunay Hajiyeva June 12, 2024

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President Ilham Aliyev at a press briefing in Cairo, Egypt, June 8, 2024 / President.Az

President Ilham Aliyev highlighted Azerbaijan’s stance on the Palestine-Israel relations, particularly on the establishment of an independent Palestinian state.

Speaking to the media during his visit to Cairo, Egypt, President Aliyev said Baku constantly kept this issue in the center of attention during its chairmanship of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM).

“Azerbaijan's position is unequivocal – an independent Palestinian State must be established and East Jerusalem should be its capital. Today's tragedy in Gaza must be stopped as soon as possible, the war must be stopped and all issues must be resolved through negotiations,” he stated.

Formed during the height of the Cold War, NAM is an alliance of 120 countries from nearly all regions of the world. Member states account for a population of 4.3 billion people. The movement is considered the world’s largest political institution after the UN General Assembly. Its primary goal is to foster global peace, safety, and development based on respect for international law.

In October 2019, Azerbaijan took over the chairmanship of the NAM from Venezuela and transferred it to Uganda in January 2024, which will chair the bloc until 2027.

Azerbaijan endorses the two-state solution for the Israel-Palestine conflict, envisioning East Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine. During its NAM chairmanship, Baku supported efforts to realize the inalienable rights and legitimate national aspirations of the Palestinian people, including their right to self-determination and independence in a sovereign State of Palestine with East Jerusalem as its capital.

The authorities of Azerbaijan reiterated their support for efforts to achieve a just, lasting, and peaceful resolution to the Palestinian issue in all its aspects, including the situation of Palestinian refugees, in accordance with international law, the UN Charter, and relevant UN resolutions.

Azerbaijan provided $2 million to the people of Palestine through the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East in a bid to relieve the consequences of the ongoing conflict.

On October 7, the Palestinian militant group Hamas launched an unprecedented attack on Israel, with hundreds of gunmen infiltrating Israeli communities near the Gaza Strip, resulting in the deadliest war in the region.

According to Gaza's health authorities, over 37,000 Palestinians have been killed and approximately 84,000 injured since the war began. Israeli reports indicate that about 1,200 Israelis were killed, and more than 250 were taken to Gaza as hostages.

Following the outbreak of the war between Israel and Hamas in October 2023 and Israel's intensified military operations in the Gaza Strip, NAM condemned Israel's military campaign and called for an immediate ceasefire during its 19th summit in Uganda in January 2024.

The movement emphasized the necessity of a ceasefire to facilitate humanitarian aid to Gaza and advocated for a two-state solution based on the pre-1967 borders, when Israel took control of Gaza and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem in a brief conflict with neighboring Arab states. The group also reiterated its support for the admission of a Palestinian state as a full member of the United Nations, recognizing it as a rightful member of the international community.